The mechanism known as innate or natural immunization is passed down from parents to offspring in the mother’s womb itself and varies from species to species. The human body has an inbuilt defence system to counter many health related issues and problems, while some other diseases are countered by giving vaccinations to the children after their birth.
Vaccination Chart for Newborn Baby:
- Hepatitis B
- OPV vaccine
- DPT vaccine
- Hepatitis A
Vaccination Schedule 2017
Vaccinations to be given at birth (Newborn)
- OPV 0
- Hepatitis-B 1
These are some vaccines which have to be given right after the birth of the baby, before it gets discharged from the hospital.
Vaccines for 6 weeks baby (1.5 Month Old)
- IPV 1
- Hepatitis-B 2
- DTP 1
- Rotavirus 1
- Influenza type B (Hib 1)
- PCV 1
Your little one now, has to receive another dose Hepatitis B at the age of 6 weeks. At this age, the baby will also be given the first dose of DTP to prevent against tetanus, pertussis and diphtheria.
The last mentioned vaccines are not compulsory, but you should give it to the baby.
Vaccinations for 10 weeks baby (2.5 Month Old)
- DTP 2
- IPV 2
- Influenza type B (Hib 2)
- Rotavirus 2
- PCV 2
At 10 weeks, the child will get another dose of DTP as well as oral polio vaccine (OPV). The baby will also get the second dose of haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine, rotavirus vaccine, pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and IPV (inactivated polio vaccine).
Vaccines at 14 weeks (3.5 Month Old)
- DTP 3
- IPV 3
- Hib 3
- Rotavirus 3
- PCV 3
Now, take the baby to the clinic for the third dose of DTP vaccine, Haemophilus vaccine, conjugate pneumococcal vaccine, hepatitis B, another dose of oral polio vaccine and IPV.
Vaccinations for 6 Months Old
- OPV 1
- Hep-B 3
Vaccines for 9 months old baby
- OPV 2
- MMR 1
Vaccines for 9-12 months old baby
- Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine
Currently, two typhoid conjugate vaccines, Typbar-TCV and PedaTyph available in Indian market; either can be used.
Vaccinations for one year old baby (12 Month Old)
- Hep-A 1
Vaccines for baby at 1.3 years (15 Month Old)
- PCV Booster
You have to provide the baby with the varicella vaccine at this age. The vaccine is given to protect against chickenpox.
Vaccination for 1.4 years old (16-18 Month Old)
- DTP B1
- IPV B1
- Hib B1
Vaccination for 1.6 year old baby (18 Months Old)
- Hep-A 2
After one year and six months of the birth, another dose of hepatitis A is to be given to the baby.
Vaccination for 2 year old baby (24 Months Old)
- Booster of Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine
A booster dose of Typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV), if primary dose is given at 9-12 months.
Vaccines for 4-6 years old baby
- DTP B2
- OPV 3
- Varicella 2
- MMR 3
Second dose of Varicella(Chickenpox) can be given at anytime 3 months after the first dose. Thrid dose of MMR is recommended for a 4-6 year old child.
Vaccination for 10-12 years old child
Last and the fine dose for Tdap and first dose of HPV is given to the baby. Second dose of HPV is to be provided to the baby at 11 years. And, here your baby’s immunization gets completed
- HiB (haemophilus influenzae type B)
- PCV (Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine)
- IPV (Inactivated Polio Vaccine)
Apart from these there are some painless vaccinations also. Painless vaccinations are the recent inventions in the field of immunology. Here are top 6 things that you must be aware of about the painless vaccinations
What is painless vaccination?
Painless vaccination are one of the recent inventions in the field of immunology. Until now, painless vaccines have only been developed for whooping cough (pertussis) and have been marketed successfully in India as a combination vaccine by the name DaPT (Diphtheria, Acellular pertussis, Tetanus)
They are acellular vaccines that contain fewer number of antigens (constituents of a vaccine that stimulate an immune response in the body) than present in a whole-shot vaccine.
The route of administration of a painless vaccine is needle-based and it is given using an injection itself.
Why are they called painless vaccines?
Due to the absence of these few antigens, painless vaccines produce little or no side effects like fever or local pain and swelling at the injection site. As a result, they lower the pain that your infant might experience otherwise.
Is painless vaccination effective?
There is a popular belief that the effect of painless vaccines subsides too soon and they might not be as effective as the conventional ones.
However , The only vaccine that is subjected to this confusion is DPT versus DaPT.
Painless vaccination for infants side effects
Advantages of Painless Vaccination
- Painless vaccines are popular because they come with very little side effects.
- The main advantage of painless vaccination is that when compared to painful vaccines they don’t cause high fever , irritability and discomfort to the child.
- There is no or very less swelling and redness. The child is in less pain.
- Painless vaccines keep the child in a more comfortable state.
Is painless vaccination safe for infants
Painless vaccines promise less side effects compared to the painful ones. Instead of the mandatory high grade fever, swelling , redness and vomiting experienced after the painful vaccine, your baby might only experience a mild fever after the painless one.
Side effects like Fever, swelling and redness are controllable in both situations making painless vaccine a considerable choice.
Painless vaccination for infants side effects
- A painless vaccine preparation lacks a few immunity-stimulating components because of which it is less immunogenic in nature.
- The dosage of painless vaccines that has to be given to your little one is less than the amount of painful vaccines injected. This means that in order to produce the same effect, your child will require to be injected with more shots of a painless vaccine as compared to the painful one.
- They have a faster period of waning, which means that their effect doesn’t stay for very long in the body whereas in the case of painful vaccines, antibody production is more and hence, protection is better and superior.
- Painless vaccines are not painless in literal sense. When given they will be equally painful.
- Painless vaccines are costlier than painful ones; almost double their price. Though not a side-effect this fact may put you into reconsidering the use of painless vaccines for your little one.
Painless vs painful vaccination for infants (which one is better and how to choose)
Painful vaccines are more pocket friendly as compared to the painless ones. Painless vaccines might cause less pain but they don’t guarantee no pain at all.
DPT the (painful) combination vaccine is available in the market as Easy-five or Pentavac.
DTP stands for:
While DTaP the (painless) combination vaccine is called as Pentaxim.
DTaP stands for :
- Acellular Pertussis
Both Pentaxim and Pentavac give protection against the 5 diseases.
Pentavac, Easy-five covers:
- Pertussis (cellular component)
- Haemophilus Influenzae type B
- Hepatitis B
- Pertussis (Acellular Component)
- Haemophilus influenzae type B
- IPV (Injectable Polio Vaccine)
Indian Academy of Pediatrics recommends DTP vaccine strongly for the primary series of vaccinations. According to their website DTaP vaccine/combinations should preferably be avoided for the primary series. DTaP vaccine/combinations should be preferred in certain specific circumstances/conditions only.
Important Vaccinations available in India with costs
The Indian Government has provided the list of certain vaccines to be mandatorily given to children. These vital vaccines are available at a very low price in government hospitals.
Given below are the vaccinations and their importance with the cost.
|At Birth||Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)||Helps in building immunity against, tuberculosis.||?10 – ?25|
|OPV||Essentially crucial to give the OPV vaccine to the baby to fight against Polio (causing paralysis).||?72 – ?115|
|Hepatitis B||Helps baby to develop protection against virus affecting liver.
Which can cause lifelong infection, cirrhosis.
|?100 – ?249|
|At 6 Weeks||IPV||Essentially crucial to give the IPV vaccine to the baby to fight against Polio (causing paralysis).||?72 – ?115|
|DTP||Provides the baby with the protection against three diseases – pertussis, diphtheria and tetanus.||?700 – ?750|
|Influenza type B (Hib 1)||Protects the baby from Hib virus.||?11 – ?750|
|PCV||Protects against the pneumococcal infections. Meningitis, pneumonia, and certain serious ear infections can be caused by the bacteria.||?3800 – ?4800|
|Rotavirus||Prevents the rotavirus infections that include diarrhea along with vomiting and high fever. Decreases the risk of death being caused by diarrhea.||?900 – ?1099|
|At 9 Months||MMR||Provides immunity against rubella, measles and mumps.||?70 – ?499|
|At 9-12 Months||Typhoid||Protects the baby from the typhoid fever. The fever from the disease is quite to be serious for, as it generally gets the baby into an acute illness.||?290|
|At 12 Months||Hepatitis A||Provides protection to the baby from Hepatitis A disease.||?915 – ?1210|
|For 1.3 Years Old||Varicella||The vaccine is also known as a chickenpox vaccine, and protects against the same. 1 dose prevents about 95% of the moderate diseases and 100% of the severe ones.||?1345|
|For 10-12 Years old||HPV||Protects against a common virus that can cause vaginal, vulvar, cervical, anal and throat cancer.||?6000 – ?8400|
To know more: Download the Vaccination Chart with Price
Why you need to vaccinate your baby
We all have heard the common phrase – “Prevention is better than cure”, the same is the purpose of the vaccination, to provide protection to the body before the infectious agents enters into it.
Vaccinations expose your baby’s body to a certain strain of bacteria or viruses so as to make its immune system develop immunity against such agents. In addition, try to include as many immunity boosting foods for your baby as possible, so that your baby can develop natural immunity against infections.
NOTE – As soon as you find that the baby has been affected by any kind of allergy or anything irritable, do not give another dose of the vaccine, may it be the first dose or consult your baby’s paediatrician for a better advise.
Some babies get the infection after been vaccinated against it. Do not panic, as that would only be the temporary one and will help your baby to build immunity against the particular bacteria or virus.
Things to remember during Vaccination
- All vaccines are important. Never miss a vaccine for your child. If you miss a vaccine, approach your paediatrician. Sometimes vaccines can still be given, so do not hesitate to contact.
- In case your child is having fever do not cure it with medicines and inform your doctor before immunization. Your doctor may reschedule.
- Sometimes Doctors give you option of painful or painless vaccines. Know the difference between painful and painless vaccines to make an informed decision.
- For some vaccines, it’s normal to get fever for a few days after administering. You can use a sponge bath to reduce the temperature or home remedies also works wonders in case the fever lasts for longer duration. Visit your doctor in case fever persists beyond that.
- Have another family member or your spouse, assist you to distract and comfort your child while the shot is given. Carry your child’s favourite toy, blanket etc. to comfort them.
SOURCE : Babygogo Parenting App