Different Kinds of Gynecologic Cancers in Women

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Different Kinds of Gynecologic Cancers in Women

According to research, one in three women are diagnosed with cancer at some point in their lives. Some of the cancers only affect women due to their development in a woman's reproductive organs. Let’s have a look at the different types of gynecologic cancers in women.


CERVICAL CANCER

Cervical cancer occurs when the cells of the cervix, the lowest part of the uterus that connects to the vagina, grow out of control. Cervical cancer is the second most prevalent cancer in Indian women after breast cancer. Out of all the cancers, cervical cancer has the easiest screening methodology, i.e., it can be diagnosed at an earlier stage itself without a screening test. Once diagnosed, an early treatment with a good treatment protocol will be followed so that the patient can be cancer-free once the treatment is done.
Generally, cervical cancer is present with bleeding. The warning signs and symptoms of cervical cancer include:

  • In between periods
    Painful intercourse
  • Post-coital bleeding,
  • Foul-smelling discharge
  • Discharge associated with blood
  • Abdominal pain

We at the best Cancer Hospital in Chennai generally recommend all married women and sexually active women to undergo this cervical cancer screening i.e., the pap smear test. In the pap smear test, we take the discharge from the cervix using a cytobrush which will be sent for testing. In case of any presence of cancer cells, it will be revealed in that test. This is a simple procedure that is not at all complicated and is generally done in OPD procedure. It takes less than a minute to do the pap smear test. Based on the report, if there are any cancer cells present, we can immediately start the treatment.


All married women should get a pap smear test every three years until they reach menopause (around 65 years of age). Cervical cancer is caused by a virus called the Human Papilloma Virus, which is why it is preventable cancer. There are two sets of vaccines available for cervical cancer – Gardasil and Cervarix. These two are used to prevent cervical cancer. This should be administered in adolescent girls i.e. before they get married. The recommended age group is 9-13 years, and a minimum of three doses is recommended. Those who haven’t got this vaccine in their 9-13 years of age can also get it before their marriage. And married women can go for the regular screening protocol once in three years.


UTERINE OR ENDOMETRIAL CANCER

Endometrial cancer, often known as uterine cancer, indicates the cancer that develops in the inner lining of the uterus. The women who are at risk for this cancer are:

  • Those who are obese Nulligravida or Nullipara (those who have never given birth)
  • Women who got their menstruation before age 12
  • Women who stopped having menstruation after 55 years of age
  • Women with a family history of endometrial or uterine cancer

Endometrial or uterine cancer can also come with post-menopausal bleeding. All women attain menopause at the age of 51-52. The periods completely stop during this age. After this point, you shouldn’t have any bleeding at all for the rest of your life.

In case of any bleeding post-menopause, know that it's not a normal sign! It could be an early warning symptom of uterine cancer or endometrial cancer. If you know someone who is in the menopause stage but still gets bleeding, you should immediately take them to the best Cancer Hospital in Chennai as they require medical attention. A scan may be needed where if the inner lining is thickened, a biopsy is done immediately and sent to check for cancer cells.


The body always sends warning signs before developing a disease. That is why it is crucial to identify and address any changes in your body, no matter how big or small they may be. What all are the other types of cancer that develop in a woman's body? Let's get to know about them in our next blog!

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